Chiara's Cool Coast

where the coast meets the sea of knowledge

June 28, 2017
by chiara2014

Our Project on the Old Man Saltbush

This term Harguan and I did a presentation on The Old man Saltbush’s adaptations. We were marked by this Rubric.  The powerpoint on the old man saltbush that we did was quite successful according to the rubric.

This is the annotated I drew and coloured in to show what the Old man saltbush looked like and show it in it’s environment/habitat.

This is a screenshot of the model I labeled. I made on a 3D printer program because unfortunately I can’t upload it to my blog.



May 25, 2017
by chiara2014

Adaptations Project Predictions

I predict that the Old Man Saltbush is salty to stop as many animals eating it because the salt either tastes bad or is unhealthy for the animals like it’s unhealthy to people. I also think that it has spikes to protect it from predictors as well.

May 24, 2017
by chiara2014

Our Excursion to Sea Life Reflection

Today we went to Sea Life Melbourne Aquarium where we learned about animals and their adaptations to their environment/habitat. I learned a lot about marine animals’ young and how they were protected because of their unique adaptations. Like how the Port Jackson Shark’s egg was shaped as seaweed to camouflage and that their young can sense movement (predictors) even when they are still inside the egg. Also King Penguins’ chicks are born brown and big to look like rocks. I learned these kind of adaptations are essential for survival against predictors. The growth of any animal is changed by the environment that they live in like how the Lungfish which could potentially survive in a drought and a flood because it breaths air and water thanks to it’s adaptation of having gills and a lung (hence it’s name).


Five month old King Penguin chicks

This excursion answered my question that was “What would happen if you slowly put an animal into a different habitat?”. I think that if you did that the animal would adapt over time because of evolution and maybe start a new species like how sharks and stingrays are still related.

I also learned that marine animals communicate by their body language like how the Lion Fish moves its poisonous fins to warn other fish. All fish understand this language unlike the different languages humans use to communicate.

Something I am wondering is how big the feathers are on King Penguins and why they are that big?


This is the link to the aquarium website:


October 12, 2016
by chiara2014

The Ancient Study of Astronomy

I watched an interesting video on The Ancient Study of Astronomy and this is my reflection. Three facts I learnt were that the Mayans, Ancient Greek and the Babylonians were acknowledged for their discoveries around the solar system. Babylon city state is located near modern Bahgdad. The ancient Greeks came up with the Precession of the Equinoxes. An understanding I had were that the people of the ancient times were very good at astronomy.  Two things I’m wondering is how did the ancient greeks come up with the Precession of the Equinoxes? How can the ancient people work all these discoveries out?

October 3, 2016
by chiara2014

Term 3 Intergrated Unit Reflection

This term I learnt there are many different types of natural disasters including: bushfires, cyclones, tornadoes,  floods, tsunamis, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions. Each and everyone of them cause destruction to the places they hit but some of them you can prepare for. In this science unit we learnt about extreme weather (natural disasters). Some facts I found interesting were that the more you prepare your property, the better the chance it will survive a bushfire, even if you aren’t there. Swan Hill, Baimsdale, Wodonga, Wangaratta, Bendigo, Warrnambool, Portland, Hamilton and Horsham all are places in Victoria which are very prone to bushfires. Finally, without the old bark and twigs there is nothing sustainable for the fire to burn, without this fuel the bushfire cannot start. Two understandings I had were that there are some bad things about preparing for a bushfire but it is still a very good idea to do so and a few types of natural disasters are common in Australia. Something I’m wondering is when was the last time that someone discovered a new type of natural disaster.


My learning throughout the unit has grown rapidly. Now I know much more than I did when I first began this unit where I didn’t know much at all about the topic and now I have grown to knowing lot more about the unit. This is the same whether I am with the whole class or working in smaller groups or even on my own with my information report. Like when I was working on information report I used information cards to records facts, not only did I learn about the topic, but  I also learnt efficient ways to organise them, etc. I think the most important thing I have learnt would be how to work together better in a group and to summarise all my notes and be able to look back on them and understand what they mean. I learned that when were split into groups and we researched a different area in the natural disaster that we looking at and then got together and summarised all our notes and presented the summary to the class. What I am going to with this knowledge would be if I am in a lesson in the future and I’m taking notes, I can summarise my notes and then understand them when I need to look back on them.

In my assessment matrix I covered everything that was required to do very well and I also included a synthesis which wasn’t required but I included it too. Most of the criteria I was very confident that I had it but a few things I was kind of sure about. Here are my unit goals I set at the beginning of this term and if I had achieved them.

I will understand key extreme weather terms, including: Mantle, Ring of fire, Epicentre, Mid-ocean ridges, Astronomy and Wind erosion.                                                   I now understand the terms: Mantle, Ring of Fire, Epicentre and Astronamy. The others I am still not sure about.

I will understand that sudden geological changes or extreme weather conditions can affect Earth’s surface.                                                                                                                                  I understand that weather conditions can affect Earth’s surface by flooding (washing away things), fire (burning trees and other objects) and many other different sudden geological changes.

I will understand scientific understandings, discoveries and inventions are used to solve problems that directly affect peoples’ lives.                                                                                         I understand things like a Seismometer can detect foreshocks to determine whether a major earthquake is coming.

I will compare data with predictions and use evidence in developing explanations.              I can compare data with predictions and use evidence to develop explanations for different situations.

I will identify and explain how analytical images like figures, tables, diagrams, maps and graphs contribute to our understanding of verbal information in factual and persuasive texts                                                                                                                                                           These features can help you when you just want to glance at something and see some specific facts because they make it easier to see for example putting it in bold.

I will plan, draft and publish imaginative, informative and persuasive texts, choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources appropriate to purpose and audience

I have achieved this goal because now can plan, draft and publish different types of texts by choosing and experimenting with text structures, language features, images and digital resources for appropriate audiences.

Make sure my book work is a lot neater and is easier to read.

I have tried to achieve this goal and I think I have but I am not 100% sure.

June 23, 2016
by chiara2014

Term 2 Unit Science Reflection (chemistry)

This unit was very interesting. I loved learning about physical and chemical changes. Here are three interesting facts I learned; all changes are either chemical or physical changes. To see if it’s a chemical change a few of the following will occur: A new smell, a new color, a formation of any other states of matter or if any energy was given off (sound, heat or light) but the thing it must have is a creation of new substance. Another fascinating thing I learned was, as I mentioned before, rusting is a chemical change because the new substance made was iron oxide and here’s the chemical equation: 4Fe+ 3O2 → 2Fe2O. If that’s a bit confusing click here to find out more.  Something I’m still wondering is why do so many thing react to each other?

What I have learned throughout his integrated unit has been quite a lot but I think the most important thing is knowing the difference between a physical and a chemical change. I learned it during one of the earliest lessons but it was only when I watched a video I fully understood it. What I will do with my knowledge around it is use it when I have another prepared speech (click here to see it) or any kind of presentation. I have defiantly achieved my science goals I created at the beginning of the year because the P.R.O.E format was making predictions and reflecting on it. Finally, this term we (Brynn and I) did an experiment that covers the year 5 standard: prove behaviors and properties of different states of matter where we timed the evaporation of high viscosity liquids on a Bunsen burner to find out more, click here!

June 20, 2016
by chiara2014

Brynn and I’s Science Experiment

Introduction: This term we have been learning about chemistry.This week Brynn and I conducted an experiment on the viscosity of liquids. The stranded we were focusing on was exploring the way solids, liquids and gases change under different situations such as heating and cooling. To see Brynn’s blog post click here! When repeating our experiment make sure you’re careful around the Bunsen burner and you have a licensed adult with you and have fun! 

Aim: To see if the viscosity of a liquid effects the rate of evaporation. 

Hypothesis / Prediction: I think the higher viscosity, the longer it takes to evaporate because it’s thicker and more like a solid.

My science experiment

Observations: At 3 minutes on the Bunsen burner the honey mix started to bubble. At 4 mins the honey formed froth on top and the honey and water separates and the water starts to evaporate. At 5 minutes the chocolate syrup does the same as the honey at 4 minutes. At 8 minutes the honey boils and over flowed the container and chocolate syrup forms froth. At 9 mins chocolate syrup boils and overflowed container.

This is our diagram of what happens at 8 minutes

WIN_20160622_124600 (3)

Discussion: All our observations seemed like normal things that would happen before a liquid reaches boiling point. Boiling occurs before the evaporation because boiling is evaporating/giving off the gas at the bottom of container (closer to heat) causing the bubbles.

Conclusion: Our prediction wasn’t correct because we thought that the honey would evaporate last, when in fact it evaporated/boiled first. Some future experiments we could conduct would be, ones with bigger beakers so we could see what happens when it has stopped bubbling. Then we can really see which one evaporates the quickest. If we left it on the heat longer, the water in the honey will evaporate but the solid sugar will burn at about 121°C and a similar thing will happen with the chocolate syrup too.


Colored links guide:

Orange: Brynn’s blog

Purple: word definitions.

Yellow: word documents.

Blue: bibliography links.

Red: subtitles. 



April 20, 2016
by chiara2014

Term 1’s Integrated Unit Reflection

This unit for term one, civics and citizenship, we learned about Australian democracy, how to pass a bill and how to be a great Australian citizen. We looked at the nine values and we learned about the House of Representatives, the Senate and how the Governor-General has to sign the bill before it officially becomes a law.

Three facts I discovered while learning about civics and citizenship were that that there are 13 people represent me in parliament (the 12 senators from my state and one from my electorate), parliament house is in in Canberra and before a bill is finally a law the Governor-General must sign the bill. The process of creating a law is very complex and is also tricky to be in parliament. I wonder why the process of passing a bill takes so long?

This integrated unit has been very exciting and interesting but for me my favourite thing we did was go to Ballarat to see the Museum of Australian Democracy at Eureka (or M.A.D.E). It was incredible to see the flag, (or what was left of it!). The most important thing I learned was in Democracy everyone (over 18) can vote for their leader. How I found out was by reading this post. This information will be useful for if I ever want to be a MP (member of parliament) when I’m older.


April 14, 2016
by chiara2014

Today’s lesson Continuation

In this week’s lesson we learned about the process of passing a bill and the details about a vote in Parliament House and  Click here to see our lesson.

My group developed a bill on equal pay.

Equal pay is a wrong act…


4 questions

  • Why do women get payed less? Women get payed less because men think the’re not smart enough or too emotional.
  • Why is it still happening? Some men still don’t see women equal
  • What jobs do men get paid a lot more than women? Acting and mostly professional jobs
  • What is wrong with women for them to get paid less than men? Some men think they are the better and stronger gender and they should get payed more than women


  • The bill about women getting payed more than men is a wrong act, A Bill for an act is in every single job, all genders should be payed the same amount.

3 Arguments


  • It is unfair for men as well. If they are married they have the burden to pay the bills, feed the family, pay school fees and pay for work as well! It would be too much for 1 itty-bitty man to do.
  • We are all humans we are no different from another, so why are we acting live women are NOT important.
  • 69% of marriages end in divorced so women need to work to get money and live.


  • (Most)Men work harder than women so they should get the reward (which is more money than women)
  • Woman take time off from work to have children and take care of them, so they aren’t as committed to their jobs as men, so men should be paid more.
  • Male dominated work has historically been better paid and better organised than female dominated work.

Revised Bill

If the job is the same, then both genders should get paid the same amount.


I think that men and women should get an equal pay bill passed into an act of parliament because it is hard if they are married they have to work hard to pay the bills, feed the family, pay school fees and pay for work as well! It would be too much for one family to do. Especially if a poor family, example if they only have one mum, it would be very tough for her because she gets paid less! We are all humans we are no different from another, so why are we acting live women are NOT important. It’s just wrong! So I strongly believe both genders should be paid the same amount. So don’t you agree that it definitely should become a law too?

My integrated topic we were put into groups and this a reflection on how we worked together on our projects.

What worked was that we all knew what the main thing was that we needed to do and what didn’t work well was that it could have been better organised. I think our group got a bit off topic at times, but apart from that we worked hard and we did very well with the tasks given to us.

In Australian Federal Parliament, the Searjent-at-Arms must introduce the Speaker before the debate begins. The Clerk must say the rules before the debate can begin, even when they resume the same debate. I think passing a bill will take a long time and that being in parliament must be a lot of hard work. Sometimes, if the bill is an important and personal thing the Speaker may call a “conscience vote” where instead of people voting with their parties, they vote for themselves. A question I have is why does passing a bill have a long, complicated way of doing it?



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